What is Functional Range Release (FR) treatment?
Functional Range Release (FR) is a specialized form of soft–tissue therapy based on the principles of myofascial release. The focus of FR is to locate, palpate, assess and treat soft-tissue (muscle, tendon, ligament, fascia, connective tissue) injuries and lesions (adhesions) and areas of fibrosis (“scar tissue”) that arise due to acute injury, trauma, repetitive/overuse mechanical stress and strain, and cumulative microtrauma.
There are several goals of an FR treatment:
- Locate the injured or affected tissue that requires treatment.
- Assess the abnormal tension and/or gross movement restrictions that result from the dysfunctional tissue.
- Increase the flexibility and/or mobility of the target tissue via the application of manual force and direction movement of involved joints. By applying a “stretch” or lengthening tissue for greater than 2 minutes (consecutively), the cells responsible for tissue remodeling are stimulated to reproduce new tissue based on the direction of the force input. This results in 2 positive outcomes – first, healing of injured tissue will occur along the same fibre direction as the original tissue, creating a faster, more efficient healing process. Second, existing soft-tissue fibre direction will be reinforced resulting in stronger, higher quality tissue.
- Increase the stability of joints being treated by incorporating an active contraction to the treatment. Creating a light contraction while the tissue being treated is at maximal length is beneficial for 2 reasons – first, after relaxation of the contracted muscle, it relaxes and can be lengthened further, creating increased flexibility. Second, by regularly contracting the muscles at progressively larger joint angles, the muscles that control the joint are being trained to support the joint at larger angles – making the joint stronger and more flexible.
What types of injuries and conditions can be treated using FR?
- Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
- Golfer’s Elbow
- Tennis Elbow
- Plantar Fasciitis
- Muscle/Tendon tears and strains
- Ligament sprains
- Thoracic Outlet Syndrome (TOS)
- Nerve Entrapments/Impingements
- Postural changes
- Achilles Tendon Injuries
- Post-surgical and post-fracture rehabilitation
- Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome
- Patellar tracking disorder
- Ilio-tibial Band (ITB) Syndrome
- Rotator Cuff Tendinitis
- Subacromial Impingement Syndrome